Cython code for "Theory-independent limits on correlations from generalised Bayesian networks"

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This code is mainly written in Cython. On Debian, apt-get install cython3 should be all you need. It was originally written in plain Python, and could be converted back fairly easily if necessary.

Many of the algorithms used scale horribly with the number of nodes in the GDAG. One useful optimization would be to find a way to enumerate non-isomorphic GDAGs directly, rather than generating and then removing isomorphic ones as is currently done in find_candidates().

To list small irreducibly interesting GDAGs, as shown in Appendix E, edit the settings in and then run it.

Each line of output corresponds to a GDAG. The first interesting one is of size 4:

(['', '', 'AB', 'AC'], 'BCD')

The bit in square brackets describes the underlying DAG:

The final part lists the observable nodes B, C, and D, which means that node A is unobservable.

To counts the total number of small GDAGs, and how many we can identify as having 𝓒 = 𝓘 as shown in Table 1, edit the settings in and then run it.

The total number minus the boring number will generally be higher than the number output by since no account is taken of reducibility.

Each line of output corresponds to a size n. The first line will be:

(1, 2, 2)

This means: considering GDAGs of size 1, there are 2 in total (a single node of either type), and of those 2 are boring (𝓒 = 𝓘).


Changed xrange() to range() for Python 3 compatibility, and fixed a bug in the detection of disconnected GDAGs (which didn't seem to affect the results).

Matthew F. Pusey, November 2014 (updated August 2022)